Moisture Monitoring - Ridge Winery
The Ridge Winery near Healdsburg, California, is one of the largest straw bale buildings in the world. With straw bale walls up to 23 feet high, coatings of different types of earthen and lime plasters, and many different moisture loading conditions.
Straw Bale House Moisture Research Summary
Canadian Mortgage & Housing Corporation straw bale house moisture research summary
Moisture and Thermal Conditions for Degradation of Rice StrawUC Davis PhD thesis on straw degradation
Moisture Properties of Straw and Plaster/Straw Assemblies
Tests of straw bales and plastered straw, for capillary, permeability, and sorption isotherms (John Straube, PE)
Load-Bearing Straw Bale Construction
A summary of worldwide testing and experience (Bruce King, PE)
**Vertical Load Calculations**
Structural calculations for vertical loading (Kevin Donahue, SE)
Out-of-Plane Load Test
Test report of walls with different combinations of plaster and mesh to resist out-of-plane loads. (Kevin Donahue, SE)
**Out-of-Plane Load Calculations**
Structural calculations for out-of-plane loading (Kevin Donahue, SE)
Out-of-Plane Load Calculations - Supplemental
Supplemental structural calculations for out-of-plane loading (Kevin Donahue, SE)
In-Plane Cyclic Tests of Plastered Straw Bale Walls - U. of Illinois
Testing report on 3 earth-plastered and 3 cement-plastered 8'x8' straw bale wall specimens (Cole Ash; Mark Aschheim, PE; David Mar, SE)
In-Plane Cyclic Tests of Plastered Straw Bale Walls - U. of Washington
Thesis on testing of 2 cement-plastered 8'x8' straw bale wall specimens (J.Ramirez)
In-Plane Cyclic Test of Plastered Straw Bale Wall - California Polytechnic University
Thesis on testing of 2 cement-plastered 4'x8' straw bale wall specimen (S.Faurot; K.Kelly; H.Kim)
In-Plane Monotonic Test of Plastered Straw Bale Wall - California Polytechnic University
Thesis on testing of cement-plastered 8'x8' straw bale wall specimen (J.Nichols; S.Rapp)
Shake Table Test Video of Full Scale Building Specimen - U. of Nevada, NEES Facility
Video of 14'x14'x10' clay-plastered straw bale building specimen constructed with shaketablesbbldgtestunrphotosystem developed for earthquake affected Pakistan (Darcey Donovan, PE)
** Basis for Prescriptive Use of Plastered Strawbale Walls as Braced Wall Panels in the IRC**
Derivation of minimum total length for strawbale walls used as prescriptive braced wall panels in the IRC. (M.Aschheim, PE; M.Hammer, Architect )
** Seismic Design Factors and Allowable Shears for Strawbale Wall Assemblies**
Recommended seismic design factors and allowable shears, including P695 analysis and analysis of in-plane testing results. (Mark Aschheim, PE, et al.
Mesh Anchorage Details for Straw Bale Walls
Analysis of testing of mesh attachment to boundary members. (A.Parker, M.Aschheim, PE, et al)
Straw Bale Wall Stiffness
Analysis of stiffness compared with plywood shear walls and concrete shear walls. (K.Donahue, SE)
Properties of Earth, Lime, and Lime-Cement PlastersProperties of Earth, Lime, and Lime-Cement Plasters
Compressive strength, modulus of rupture, shrinkage, erosion, and modulus of elasticity. (Kelly Lerner, Architect; Kevin Donahue, SE)
1-Hour Fire Resistance of a Non-Loadbearing Wall w/ Earth Plaster
A 12 ft x 14 ft non-loadbearing wall constructed with 7.5 pcf rectangular wheat straw bales stacked in a running bond pattern, clad on each surface with 1" of earthen-plaster, produced, assembled and tested herein, successfully met the conditions of acceptance as outlined in ASTM Method E119-05a Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials for a fire endurance rating of 1-hour.
2-Hour Fire Resistance of a Non-Loadbearing Wall w/ Cement-Stucco
A 10 ft x 10 ft non-loadbearing wall constructed with 7.5 pcf rectangular wheat straw bales stacked in a running bond pattern, clad on each surface with 17 GA stucco netting and 1" of cement/stucco, produced, assembled and tested as described herein, successfully met the conditions of acceptance in ASTM Method E119-05a Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials for a fire endurance rating of 2-hours.
Fire Test Video
The Fire Test Video is available for purchase
Thermal Performance of Straw Bale Wall SystemsThermal Performance of Straw Bale Wall Systems
Results from thermal tests, particularly the Oak Ridge National Laboratory test, are reviewed, analyzed, and discussed in a summary report.
Design of Straw Bale Buildings; the State of the Art
Book showing the current understanding of all technical aspects of straw bale construction, including: Structure, Moisture, Fire, Insulation, and Plasters, with frequent reference to test. (Bruce King, PE, et al) is available in a Kindle version or for download as a PDF.